首页 TOEFL SAT ACT 楷德名师 资料下载 备考资讯 案例分享 楷德故事

托福阅读技巧之猜词

2018-04-24 10:46

   在托福阅读技巧中,猜词是非常核心的一个。我们在托福阅读时会不可避免地遇到些生词,
       考试的要求又不允许我们查字典,而且在平常的练习中查字典也即耽误了阅读时间又中断了阅读思路,
       阅读理解的质量当然就会很差。所以猜词也就应运而生了。下面是楷德教育小编为大家整理了托福阅读
       猜词的技巧,希望会对大家有所帮助。
  1.根据定义、解释猜测词义
  We all know that ants are ferocious eaters. They differ widely in their diets and may be
      carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous,meaning that some eat meat; Others eat only
      plants while others eat a combination of both.
  由后面的解释我们可以得知:“carnivorous”的意思是“食肉的”:“herbivorous”的意思是“食草的”:“omnivorous”的意思是“杂食的”。
  2.根据复述(同位语、定语等)
  Today, I‘d like to talk about some of the changes land can undergo, specifically desertification,
      process through which land becomes part of a desert.
  后面的同位语告诉我们“desertification”的意思是“沙漠化。”Since the fossil of the Archaeopteryx,
      the first ‘bird’, was discovered in Germany in 1861, there has been continuous disagreement as to
      whether or not it could actually fly. Archaeopteryx — the first bird: “始祖鸟”
  3.根据举例
  After breakfast, many people go to church; but the children will be playing with their new toys,
      and the mother will probably be preparing the Christmas dinner. This includes poultry for the main course
      (e.g. chicken, turkey, duck, goose), salads, breads, and vegetable, and features a variety of desserts,
      for example, pies, puddings, and ice cream.
  “chicken, turkey, duck, goose”同属“poultry:家禽”。
  4.根据对比关系
  Jane was talking with others while Eliza remained reticent all the time.
  “while”是一个显示对比的信号词,“reticent”与“talking”相对应,“reticent”:沉默的。
  Most of us agreed; however, Bill dissented.
  “agreed”与“dissented”形成对比。
  5.根据比喻关系
  The hot-air balloon took off. It was as buoyant in the air as a cork (软木塞) in water.
  把热气球比作水中的软木塞,说明“buoyant ”的意义:“漂浮;浮力。”
  6.根据同义词的替代
  Venus rotates retrograde, or “backwards”, spinning in the opposite direction of its orbit around the Sun.
  由“backwards”这一替代词得知“retrograde”的意思:“向后的。”
  7.有时也可根据一般性常识/生活经验猜测词义
  The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel.
  门太低,我的头撞在“lintel门楣”上了。
  He got on the motorbike, I sat behind him on the pillion, and we roared off into the night.
  由经验得知“pillion”是motorbike的“后座、后鞍。”
  8.也可根据词形构造猜测词义
  More recently, scientists have documented an alarmingly high occurrence of frogs with malformations.
  form是词根, formation“形式”,mal-:构词前缀,可表示“坏、恶、不良”,还可表示“不、不正常、不当、非法。”
      malformation的意思就应该是“畸形。”更多的例子如:malnutrition: 营养不良;misconduct:(公职人员的)胡作非为;
      maladjustive: 引起失调的;不利调节的。当然,要想做到这一点,就必须掌握英语常用的前缀、后缀及词根的意义。
  托福阅读的目的在于对整个句子、整个段落、乃至整个篇章的整体理解。所以只要考生对段落中心思想整体有
      一个清晰地把握能力,只要能获得阅读材料的主要信息,并随后能用自己的话加以陈述,一两个生词不会有什么大碍。
 

TOEEL高分榜
学员姓名 培训前 培训后
张三丰 111 222
张三丰 111 222
张三丰 111 222
张三丰 111 222
张三丰 111 222
张三丰 111 222

Copyright 2014-2018 北京楷德教育

地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街19号新中关大厦B座南翼9层

电话:400-650-6307,010-82483631 京ICP备16013578号